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Title: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Acupoint Stimulation on Smoking Cessation
Authors: Hsiao-Min, Cheng
Yu-Chu, Chung
Hsing-Hsia, Chen
Yung-Hsien, Chang
Mei-Ling, Yeh
Keywords: Acupoint Stimulation
Smoking Cessation
Meta-Analysis
Acupuncture
Acupressure
Electroacupuncture
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2013
Abstract:  Smoking represents a serious worldwide public health problem because of its close association with the development of chronic disease and cancer. Acupoint stimulation has been used as treatment mode for smoking cessation but its efficacy remains controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the effects of acupoint stimulation on smoking cessation rate and daily cigarette consumption. Electronic literature searches in eight electronic databases up to March 2011 were performed to identify acupoint stimulation for smoking cessation. The outcomes assessed were smoking cessation rate and cigarette con- sumption. We assessed abstinence from smoking at the earliest and last measured time points, and at the 3- and 6-month follow-ups. Meta-analysis was performed using CMA soft- ware. A total of 20 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. A significant effect of acupoint stimulation was found in smoking cessation rates and cigarette consumption at immediate, 3- and 6-month follow-ups, with effect sizes 1.24 (95%CI =1.07 〜 1.43, p = 0.003), -2.49 (95%CI =-4.65〜-0.34, p =0.02), 1.70 (95%CI =1.17 〜 2.46, p =0.01), and 1.79 (95%CI =1.13 〜2.82, p= 0.01), respectively. Multi-modality treatments, especially acu- puncture combined with smoking cessation education or other interventions, can help smokers to eschew smoking during treatment, and to avoid relapse after treatment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10592/22970
Shimei: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Volume: Vol. 40
Issue: No. 3
Start page: 429
End page: 442
Appears in Collections:鍼灸関連システマティックレビュー

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10592/22970

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